China's Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition

China's Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition PDF Author:
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030401545
Category : Agriculture (General)
Languages : en
Pages : 700

Book Description
This open access book is an encyclopaedic analysis of the current and future energy system of the world's most populous country and second biggest economy. What happens in China impacts the planet. In the past 40 years China has achieved one of the most remarkable economic growth rates in history. Its GDP has risen by a factor of 65, enabling 850,000 people to rise out of poverty. Growth on this scale comes with consequences. China is the world's biggest consumer of primary energy and the world's biggest emitter of CO2 emissions. Creating a prosperous and harmonious society that delivers economic growth and a high quality of life for all will require radical change in the energy sector, and a rewiring of the economy more widely. In China's Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition, a team of researchers from the Development Research Center of the State Council of China and Shell International examine how China can revolutionise its supply and use of energy. They examine the entire energy system: coal, oil, gas, nuclear, renewables and new energies in production, conversion, distribution and consumption. They compare China with case studies and lessons learned in other countries. They ask which technology, policy and market mechanisms are required to support the change and they explore how international cooperation can smooth the way to an energy revolution in China and across the world. And, they create and compare scenarios on possible pathways to a future energy system that is low-carbon, affordable, secure and reliable. .

Organic Computing — A Paradigm Shift for Complex Systems

Organic Computing — A Paradigm Shift for Complex Systems PDF Author: Christian Müller-Schloer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3034801300
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 627

Book Description
Organic Computing has emerged as a challenging vision for future information processing systems. Its basis is the insight that we will increasingly be surrounded by and depend on large collections of autonomous systems, which are equipped with sensors and actuators, aware of their environment, communicating freely, and organising themselves in order to perform actions and services required by the users. These networks of intelligent systems surrounding us open fascinating ap-plication areas and at the same time bear the problem of their controllability. Hence, we have to construct such systems as robust, safe, flexible, and trustworthy as possible. In particular, a strong orientation towards human needs as opposed to a pure implementation of the tech-nologically possible seems absolutely central. The technical systems, which can achieve these goals will have to exhibit life-like or "organic" properties. "Organic Computing Systems" adapt dynamically to their current environmental conditions. In order to cope with unexpected or undesired events they are self-organising, self-configuring, self-optimising, self-healing, self-protecting, self-explaining, and context-aware, while offering complementary interfaces for higher-level directives with respect to the desired behaviour. First steps towards adaptive and self-organising computer systems are being undertaken. Adaptivity, reconfigurability, emergence of new properties, and self-organisation are hot top-ics in a variety of research groups worldwide. This book summarises the results of a 6-year priority research program (SPP) of the German Research Foundation (DFG) addressing these fundamental challenges in the design of Organic Computing systems. It presents and discusses the theoretical foundations of Organic Computing, basic methods and tools, learning techniques used in this context, architectural patterns and many applications. The final outlook shows that in the mean-time Organic Computing ideas have spawned a variety of promising new projects.

Global Perspectives on Health Communication in the Age of Social Media

Global Perspectives on Health Communication in the Age of Social Media PDF Author: Sekalala, Seif
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522537171
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 348

Book Description
Numerous studies suggest that people with a variety of health concerns are increasingly turning to online networks for social support. As a result, the number of online support communities has risen over the past two decades. Global Perspectives on Health Communication in the Age of Social Media is a critical scholarly resource that examines the illness and pain-and-suffering narrative of health communication. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics, such as social networks, patient empowerment, and e-health, this book is geared towards professionals and researchers in health informatics as well as students, practitioners, clinicians, and academics.

Age of Information

Age of Information PDF Author: Yin Sun
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3031792939
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 204

Book Description
Information usually has the highest value when it is fresh. For example, real-time knowledge about the location, orientation, and speed of motor vehicles is imperative in autonomous driving, and the access to timely information about stock prices and interest rate movements is essential for developing trading strategies on the stock market. The Age of Information (AoI) concept, together with its recent extensions, provides a means of quantifying the freshness of information and an opportunity to improve the performance of real-time systems and networks. Recent research advances on AoI suggest that many well-known design principles of traditional data networks (for, e.g., providing high throughput and low delay) need to be re-examined for enhancing information freshness in rapidly emerging real-time applications. This book provides a suite of analytical tools and insightful results on the generation of information-update packets at the source nodes and the design of network protocols forwarding the packets to their destinations. The book also points out interesting connections between AoI concept and information theory, signal processing, and control theory, which are worthy of future investigation.

Participation in the Age of Globalization and Information

Participation in the Age of Globalization and Information PDF Author: Panu Kalmi
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0762312785
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 398

Book Description
This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor-Managed firms consists of twelve original and innovative articles. The first four papers relate to the growing literature on employee participation and firm performance. The second group of papers looks at the impact of ownership structures into managerial compensation and control. The third set of papers analyzes the role of co-operatives in the changing economic environment. The three papers in the final section range from the historical perspective on participation to the role different forms of participation may play in the future. Together these papers draw on the expertise of a number of leading thinkers in the area and promise the reader a challenge to help deliver practical policies to transform our work world and society. *The series: Is international in scope *Fills substantial gap in this field *Although its primary focus is economic, the editors welcome analytical studies from related fields

Aging and Society, Volume 3

Aging and Society, Volume 3 PDF Author: Matilda White Riley
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610446836
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 668

Book Description
Represents the first integrated effort to deal with age as a crucial variable in the social system. Of special interest to sociologists for whom the sociology of age seems destined to become a special field.