Material Designs and New Physical Properties in MX- and MMX-Chain Compounds

Material Designs and New Physical Properties in MX- and MMX-Chain Compounds PDF Author: Masahiro Yamashita
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709113172
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 270

Book Description
This is the first book to comprehensively address the recent developments in both the experimental and theoretical aspects of quasi-one-dimensional halogen-bridged mono- (MX) and binuclear metal (MMX) chain complexes of Pt, Pd and Ni. These complexes have one-dimensional electronic structures, which cause the various physical properties as well as electronic structures. In most MX-chain complexes, the Pt and Pd units are in M(II)-M(IV) mixed valence or charge density wave (CDW) states due to electron-phonon interactions, and Ni compounds are in Ni(III) averaged valence or Mott-Hubbard states due to the on-site Coulomb repulsion. More recently, Pd(III) Mott-Hubbard (MH) states have been realized in the ground state by using the chemical pressure. Pt and Pd chain complexes undergo photo-induced phase transitions from CDW to MH or metal states, and Ni chain complexes undergo photo-induced phase transitions from MH to metal states. Ni chain complexes with strong electron correlations show tremendous third-order optical nonlinearity and nonlinear electrical conductivities. They can be explained theoretically by using the extended Peierls-Hubbard model. For MMX-chain complexes, averaged valence, CDW, charge polarization, and alternating charge polarization states have been realized by using chemical modification and external stimuli, such as temperature, photo-irradiation, pressure, and water vapor. All of the electronic structures and phase transitions can be explained theoretically.

Principles of Real Estate Practice in Maryland: 1st Edition

Principles of Real Estate Practice in Maryland: 1st Edition PDF Author: Stephen Mettling
Publisher: Performance Programs Company
ISBN: 0915777738
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 604

Book Description
Principles of Real Estate Practice in Maryland contains the essentials of the national and Maryland real estate law, principles, and practices necessary for basic competence as a real estate professional and as mandated by Maryland license law. It is based on our highly successful and popular national publication, Principles of Real Estate Practice, which is in use in real estate schools nationwide. The text is tailored to the needs of the pre-license student. It is designed to - make it easy for students to learn the material and pass their real estate exam - prepare students for numerous career applications - stress practical, rather than theoretical, skills and knowledge. Principles of Real Estate Practice in Maryland is streamlined, direct and to-the-point. It includes multiple learning reinforcements. It has a student-oriented organization, both within each chapter and from chapter to chapter. Its examples and exercises are grounded in the authors' many years in real estate education. Table of Contents The Real Estate Business Rights in Real Estate Interests and Estates Ownership Encumbrances and Liens Transferring and Recording Title to Real Estate Leasing Essentials Land Use Planning and Control Legal Descriptions Fundamentals of Contract Law National Agency Listing Agreements: An Overview General Brokerage Practices Overview of Conveyance Contracts Real Estate Market Economics Appraising and Estimating Market Value Real Estate Finance Real Estate Investment Real Estate Taxation Professional Practices Closings Overview of Licensing and Regulation Risk Management Property Management The Maryland Regulatory Environment Maryland Licensing Requirements Maryland Regulation of Business Conduct Maryland Brokerage Relationships and Disclosure Ethical Practices and Fair Housing Other Maryland Laws and Practices Glossary of Residential Style and Construction Terms Glossary of General Real Estate Terms Index For students looking for a Maryland exam prep book, we also publish Maryland Real Estate License Exam Prep.

Limit Theorems for Markov Chains and Stochastic Properties of Dynamical Systems by Quasi-Compactness

Limit Theorems for Markov Chains and Stochastic Properties of Dynamical Systems by Quasi-Compactness PDF Author: Hubert Hennion
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540446230
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 152

Book Description
The usefulness of from the of techniques perturbation theory operators, to kernel for limit theorems for a applied quasi-compact positive Q, obtaining Markov chains for stochastic of or dynamical by describing properties systems, of Perron- Frobenius has been demonstrated in several All use a operator, papers. these works share the features the features that must be same specific general ; used in each stem from the nature of the functional particular case precise space where the of is and from the number of quasi-compactness Q proved eigenvalues of of modulus 1. We here a functional framework for Q give general analytical this method and we the aforementioned behaviour within it. It asymptotic prove is worth that this framework is to allow the unified noticing sufficiently general treatment of all the cases considered in the literature the previously specific ; characters of model translate into the verification of of simple hypotheses every a functional nature. When to Markov kernels or to Perr- applied Lipschitz Frobenius associated with these statements rise operators expanding give maps, to new results and the of known The main clarify proofs already properties. of the deals with a Markov kernel for which 1 is a part quasi-compact Q paper of modulus 1. An essential but is not the simple eigenvalue unique eigenvalue element of the work is the of the of peripheral Q precise description spectrums and of its To conclude the the results obtained perturbations.

Networked Control Systems with Intermittent Feedback

Networked Control Systems with Intermittent Feedback PDF Author: Domagoj Tolić
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315350904
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 218

Book Description
Networked Control Systems (NCSs) are spatially distributed systems for which the communication between sensors, actuators and controllers is realized by a shared (wired or wireless) communication network. NCSs offer several advantages, such as reduced installation and maintenance costs, as well as greater flexibility, over conventional control systems in which parts of control loops exchange information via dedicated point-to-point connections. The principal goal of this book is to present a coherent and versatile framework applicable to various settings investigated by the authors over the last several years. This framework is applicable to nonlinear time-varying dynamic plants and controllers with delayed dynamics; a large class of static, dynamic, probabilistic and priority-oriented scheduling protocols; delayed, noisy, lossy and intermittent information exchange; decentralized control problems of heterogeneous agents with time-varying directed (not necessarily balanced) communication topologies; state- and output-feedback; off-line and on-line intermittent feedback; optimal intermittent feedback through Approximate Dynamic Programming (ADP) and Reinforcement Learning (RL); and control systems with exogenous disturbances and modeling uncertainties.

Beneficial Property Taxation for Emerging Market Countries

Beneficial Property Taxation for Emerging Market Countries PDF Author: Ehtisham Ahmad
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3031086120
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 174

Book Description
This book presents a new approach to recurrent property taxation based on occupancy, size, and location, that will strengthen local governments. Reflecting on the concept of “beneficial property taxation” first proposed by Alfred Marshall, the political economy constraints faced by traditional property taxation are examined and compared with evidence for beneficial property tax seen in China, Mexico, and sub-Saharan Africa. The benefits of this form of taxation are highlighted in relation to the financing of local public services and infrastructure that are required for sustainable development. This book provides a policy-oriented look at property taxation that engages with the sustainable development goals and lay the foundations for a post-pandemic recovery. It will be relevant to researchers and policymakers interested in development economics and the governance of taxation.