Extending the Scope of Construction Grammar

Extending the Scope of Construction Grammar PDF Author: Ronny Boogaart
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110366274
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 388

Book Description
The field of constructionist linguistics is rapidly expanding, as research on a broad variety of language phenomena is increasingly informed by constructionist ideas about grammar. This volume is comprised of 11 original research articles representing several emerging new research directions in construction grammar, which, together, offer a rich picture of the various directions in which the field seems to be moving.

Applied Construction Grammar

Applied Construction Grammar PDF Author: Sabine De Knop
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110458268
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 371

Book Description
Current research within the framework of Construction Grammar (CxG) has mainly adopted a theoretical or descriptive approach, neglecting the more applied perspective and especially the question of how language acquisition and pedagogy can benefit from a CxG-based approach. The present volume explores various aspects of “Applied Construction Grammar” through a collection of studies that apply CxG and CxG-inspired approaches to relevant issues in L2 acquisition and teaching. Relying on empirical data and covering a wide range of constructions and languages, the chapters show how the cross-fertilization of CxG and L2 acquisition/teaching can improve the description of learners’ use of constructions, provide theoretical insights into the processes underlying their acquisition (e.g. with reference to inheritance links or transfer from the L1), or lead to novel teaching practices and resources aimed to help learners make the generalizations that native speakers make naturally from the input they receive.

Nodes and Networks in Diachronic Construction Grammar

Nodes and Networks in Diachronic Construction Grammar PDF Author: Lotte Sommerer
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027261296
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 355

Book Description
This volume brings together ten contributions by leading experts who present their current usage-based research in Diachronic Construction Grammar. All papers contribute to the discussion of how to conceptualize constructional networks best and how to model changes in the constructicon, as for example node creation or loss, node-external reconfiguration of the network or in/decrease in productivity and schematicity. The authors discuss the theoretical status of allostructions, homostructions, constructional families and constructional paradigms. The terminological distinction between constructionalization and constructional change is revisited. It is shown how constructional competition but also general cognitive abilities like analogical thinking and schematization relate to the structure and reorganization of the constructional network. Most contributions focus on the nature of vertical and horizontal links. Finally, contributions to the volume also discuss how existing network models should be enriched or reconceptualized in order to integrate theoretical, psychological and neurological aspects missing so far.

Grammaticalization meets Construction Grammar

Grammaticalization meets Construction Grammar PDF Author: Evie Coussé
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027264163
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 323

Book Description
Grammaticalization research has increasingly highlighted the notion of constructions in the last decade. In the wake of this heightened interest, efforts have been made in grammaticalization research to more precisely articulate the largely pretheoretical notion of construction in the theoretical framework of construction grammar. As such, grammaticalization research increasingly interacts and converges with the emerging field of diachronic construction grammar. This volume brings together articles that are situated at the intersection of grammaticalization research and diachronic construction grammar. All articles share an interest in integrating insights from grammaticalization research and construction grammar in order to advance our understanding of empirical cases of grammaticalization. Constructions at various levels of abstractness are investigated, both in well-documented languages, such as Ancient Greek, Latin, Spanish, German, Norwegian and English, and in less-described languages, such as Manchu and Mongolian.

Grammar, Meaning and Pragmatics

Grammar, Meaning and Pragmatics PDF Author: Frank Brisard
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027207828
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 308

Book Description
The ten volumes of "Handbook of Pragmatics Highlights" focus on the most salient topics in the field of pragmatics, thus dividing its wide interdisciplinary spectrum in a transparent and manageable way. While other volumes select philosophical, cognitive, cultural, social, variational, interactional, or discursive points of view, this fifth volume looks at the field of linguistic pragmatics from a primarily grammatical angle. That is, it asks in which particular sense a variety of older and more recent functional (rather than generative) models of grammar relate to the study of language in use: how this affects their general outlook on language structure, whether issues of language use inform the very makeup of these models or are merely included as possible research themes, and how far the actual integration of pragmatics ultimately goes (is it a module/layer or is the model truly usage-based ?). Each of the authors presenting these models has taken systematic care to highlight the relevant problems and focus on the implications of considering pragmatic phenomena from the point of view of grammar. Furthermore, a limited number of chapters deal with traditional topics in the grammatical literature, and specifically those which are called pragmatic because they either are not strictly concerned with truth (semantics), or receive their (truth) value only from an interaction with context. In the introduction, these theories and topics are set up against the historical background of a gradually changing attitude, on the part of grammarians, towards questions of linguistic knowledge and behavior, and the role of learning in their relationship."

Constructional Approaches to Syntactic Structures in German

Constructional Approaches to Syntactic Structures in German PDF Author: Hans C. Boas
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110457156
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 461

Book Description
This book provides a state of the art collection of constructional research on syntactic structures in German. The volume is unique in that it offers an easily accessible, yet comprehensive and sophisticated variety of papers. Moreover, various of the papers make explicit connections between grammatical constructions and the concept of valency which has figured quite prominently in Germanic Linguistics over the past half century.

Category Change from a Constructional Perspective

Category Change from a Constructional Perspective PDF Author: Kristel Van Goethem
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 902726435X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 324

Book Description
Category change, broadly defined as the shift from one word class to another, is often studied as part of other changes, such as grammaticalization or lexicalization, but not in its own right. This volume offers a survey of different types of category change and their properties, e.g. abrupt versus gradual changes, morphological versus syntactic changes, or context-independent versus context-sensitive changes. The purpose of this collection of papers is to explore the concepts of linguistic category and category change from the perspective of Construction Grammar. Using data from a variety of languages, the authors address a number of themes that are central to current theorizing about category change, such as the question of whether or not categories should be considered discrete entities, how new categories arise, or whether category change can be considered as the emergence of a new construction, i.e. a new form-meaning pairing. The novel approach advanced in this volume will be of interest to historical linguists as well as to general linguists working on the nature of linguistic categories.

Article Emergence in Old English

Article Emergence in Old English PDF Author: Lotte Sommerer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311054105X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 374

Book Description
This book investigates nominal determination in Old English and the emergence of the definite and the indefinite article. Analyzing Old English prose texts, it discusses the nature of linguistic categorization and argues that a usage-based, cognitive, constructionalist approach best explains when, how and why the article category developed. It is shown that the development of the OE demonstrative 'se' (that) and the OE numeral 'an' (one) should not be told as a story of two individual, grammaticalizing morphemes, but must be reconceptualized in constructional terms. The emergence of the morphological category ‘article’ follows from constructional changes in the linguistic networks of OE speakers and especially from ‘grammatical constructionalization’ (i.e. the emergence of a new, schematic, mostly procedural form-meaning pairing which previously did not exist in the constructicon). Next to other functional-cognitive reasons, the book especially highlights analogy and frequency effects as driving forces of linguistic change.

Competition in Language Change

Competition in Language Change PDF Author: Eva Zehentner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311063385X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 496

Book Description
This book addresses one of the most pervasive questions in historical linguistics – why variation becomes stable rather than being eliminated – by revisiting the so far neglected history of the English dative alternation. The alternation between a nominal and a prepositional ditransitive pattern (John gave Mary a book vs. John gave a book to Mary) emerged in Middle English and is closely connected to broader changes at that time. Accordingly, the main quantitative investigation focuses on ditransitive patterns in the Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Middle English; in addition, the book employs an Evolutionary Game Theory model. The results are approached from an ‘evolutionary construction grammar’ perspective, combining evolutionary thinking with diachronic constructionist notions, and the alternation’s emergence is interpreted as a story of constructional innovation, competition, cooperation and co-evolution. The book not only provides a thorough and detailed analysis of the history of one of the most-discussed syntactic phenomena in English, but by fusing two frameworks and employing two different methodologies also presents a highly innovative approach to a problem of relevance to historical linguistics in general.

The Oxford Handbook of Morphological Theory

The Oxford Handbook of Morphological Theory PDF Author: Jenny Audring
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199668981
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 725

Book Description
This volume is the first handbook devoted entirely to the multitude of frameworks adopted in the field of morphology. It offers critical discussions of the main theoretical issues in word formation and inflection, a detailed guide to each morphological theory, and explorations into the relationship between morphological theory and other fields.